This is a top research question. Probably there are very early abnormalities even before birth that “decide” whether the child will have autism, schizophrenia or the other disorders. But this is still a question for research.
Judith L. Rapoport, M.D.
Chief, Child Psychiatry Branch
National Institute of Mental Health
2002 Foundation Ruane Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Research
2009 NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grantee
Foundation Scientific Council Member