Ask an Expert

H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. What kind of research is being done on OCD?
A. “There is great interest in OCD these days … in really understanding how to improve... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. Is OCD heritable?
A. “… it seems that early onset OCD, meaning people who have an onset of OCD at an... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. What is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?
A. “A mental illness characterized by two prominent symptoms: obsessions and... More >
Q. What kind of cognitive behavioral therapy is used to treat OCD?
A. “Exposure and Response Prevention, or sometimes called Exposure and Ritual... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. Are there other mental illnesses associated with OCD?
A. “ ...for women, depression … as many as 60% of people with OCD will have concomitant... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. How is OCD Diagnosed?
A. “When you diagnose OCD you look for obsessions and compulsions … that are lasting... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. Is OCD Preventable?
A. “My urge … go get help when the symptoms are just starting ... get treatment early... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. What are some of the common myths about OCD?
A. "One is that OCD is not a severe disorder… in fact, OCD is a very severe disorder... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. Is OCD an Anxiety Disorder?
A. “OCD right now sits in the Anxiety Disorders [in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. What are the best treatments for OCD?
A. “There are two powerful treatments for OCD – one is medication and the other is... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. What Causes OCD?
A. “The simple answer is that we don’t know what causes OCD … We have a lot of clues …... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. Is there a relationship between OCD and addiction?
A. “This is an area of hot research … There’s a new model of addictions which says it... More >
Leslie A. Hulvershorn, M.D., M.Sc. Expert on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Q. What is the treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
A. Despite many years of research of trying to find good therapies for attention... More >
Rachel G. Klein, Ph.D., Scientific Council Member, 1995 NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grantee, 2004 Ruane Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Research, Professsor of Psychiatry, New York University Child Study Center, Expert on Childhood mental illnesses including ADHD and anxiety
Q. Is my six-year-old son too young to be screened for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
A. There is no rule as to the age a child should be evaluated because of behavior... More >
Rachel G. Klein, Ph.D., Scientific Council Member, 1995 NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grantee, 2004 Ruane Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Research, Professsor of Psychiatry, New York University Child Study Center, Expert on Childhood mental illnesses including ADHD and anxiety
Q. Is progress being made in identifying what causes ADHD?
A. The answer depends on what is meant by ‘progress.’ It is a resounding ‘yes,’ with... More >
Leslie A. Hulvershorn, M.D., M.Sc. Expert on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Q. How is ADHD diagnosed?
A. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is diagnosed in children and... More >
Leslie A. Hulvershorn, M.D., M.Sc. Expert on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Q. What are warning signs for or symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
A. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a lifelong psychiatric disorder... More >
Rachel G. Klein, Ph.D. Scientific Council Member 1995 NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grantee 2004 Ruane Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Research Professsor of Psychiatry, New York University Child Study Center, Expert on ADHD
Q. Are there specific tests available to evaluate my child, age 9, for ADHD?
A. There is no simple diagnostic test that can confirm, or rule out, attention-deficit... More >
Rachel G. Klein, Ph.D., Scientific Council Member, 1995 NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grantee, 2004 Ruane Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Research, Professsor of Psychiatry, New York University Child Study Center, Expert on Childhood mental illnesses including ADHD and anxiety
Q. In your time on the Scientific Council, what is the most promising area of brain and behavior research you’ve seen?
A. Two areas appear most promising. One is that great progress has been made in... More >
Nora Volkow, M.D. - Brain & Behavior Research Expert on Addiction
Q. I want to quit smoking tobacco and replace my nicotine “fix” with e-cigarettes. I know e-cigarettes aren’t perfect, but are they more dangerous to my health than smoking?
A. It is likely that e-cigarettes might be less dangerous than combustible tobacco.... More >
Eric R. Kandel, M.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on alzheimer's
Q. I’ve recently read in the news about various preventative treatments for Alzheimer’s disease (e.g. , increasing Vitamin D intake to quitting smoking). Is there any truth to these? Do preventative treatments exist? What are they?
A. There is no reason to believe that any of the recommendations that you have... More >
Eric R. Kandel, M.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on alzheimer's
Q. I am a 78 year old woman with short term memory loss that’s gotten worse (e.g., forgetting my keys, forgetting words in mid-sentence, etc.). Am I destined to a future of dementia or even Alzheimer’s?
A. This seems, on the face of it, to be characteristic of what is called 'age-related... More >
Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on schizophrenia
Q. Can individuals volunteer to be part of the BRAIN Initiative? I’d be interested in having my brain scanned and mapped.
A. Though the programs that will be funded by the BRAIN initiative have not yet been... More >
Nora Volkow, M.D. - Brain & Behavior Research Expert on Addiction
Q. I was curious about the idea of strengthening executive function to achieve better self-control. If someone with an addiction does this, will he/she need to continue this therapy for the rest of their life to prevent a relapse?
A. The brain is an amazingly plastic organ: it can continue changing—for good and bad—... More >
Nora Volkow, M.D. - Brain & Behavior Research Expert on Addiction
Q. My father was a cocaine addict, and I’m worried that I might become an addict too. Are there tests that I can take to see if I’ve inherited any genes linked to addiction?
A. The short answer is no, at least not yet. However, if you recognize behavioral... More >

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