Ask an Expert

Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D. - brain & behavior research expert on depression
Q. What are some recent advancements that have been made in depression research?
A. Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D., of Stanford University received the Goldman-Rakic... More >
Andrew A. Nierenberg, M.D. - brain & behavior research expert on depression
Q. Why do some people respond better than others to depression treatments?
A. Andrew A. Nierenberg, M.D., of Harvard Medical School received the Colvin Prize for... More >
Eric J. Nestler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior expert on anxiety
Q. Based off your mouse studies, do you think that the majority of men who are prone to stress and anxiety are fated to have children with the same issues?
A. No. An individual’s risk for a syndrome as complex and variable as depression or... More >
Katherine L. Wisner, M.D.
Q. How important is it to treat depression during pregnancy?
A. “A woman who is depressed in pregnancy is certainly very likely to continue to be... More >
Q. What type of blood pressure medication interferes with Antidepressant LImbitrol?
A. More >
Dr. Katherine L. Wisner, M.D., expert on post-partum depression
Q. What is the difference between ‘baby blues’ and Postpartum Depression?
A. “Distinction between a very brief, tearful, maybe anxious, uncomfortable 4 or 5 days... More >
Robert C. Malenka, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on depression
Q. Your work is fascinating. It is frightening to think about neurotransmitters in the brain being manipulated to reduce or eliminate depressed behaviors. How do you foresee these malfunctions in brain circuitry and synaptic connections being treated?
A. The hope of all neuroscience researchers is that by defining the malfunctions in... More >
Katherine L. Wisner, M.D.
Q. What would recovery from depression look like?
A. “A woman who is back to her pre-Depression symptom level, with the ability to... More >
Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D. - brain & behavior research expert on depression
Q. What advice can you offer to people struggling with severe depression?
A. Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D., of Stanford University received the Goldman-Rakic... More >
Bruce S. McEwen, Ph.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on depression
Q. My sister lives with depression and seems to be having increasing issues with her memory as well. You say that stress and depression can “shrink” the brain. Can antidepressants and/or other treatments reverse that?
A. Chronic depression is associated with shrinkage of brain areas that are involved in... More >
Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on schizophrenia
Q. Can you envision ways in which the optogenetics technology that you invented might eventually improve the design or use of psychiatric medications?
A. The major challenge we face in psychiatry is understanding. Psychiatric disease... More >
Andrew A. Nierenberg, M.D. - brain & behavior research expert on bipolar disorder
Q. Are there alternative treatments that might help people with mood disorders?
A. Andrew A. Nierenberg, M.D., of Harvard Medical School received the Colvin Prize for... More >
Robert C. Malenka, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on depression
Q. I thought the chemical imbalance theory of depression was a big step forward in treating depression as a bona fide illness. What are the implications of finding that it is out of date and how long until we have new, more effective treatments?
A. There is no doubt that depression is a bona fide illness. Theories are made to be... More >
Dr. Katherine L. Wisner, M.D., expert on post-partum depression
Q. Where will the breakthroughs come in the next 10 years in treating depressed women?
A. Dr. Wisner presented at the 2010 Palm Beach Mental Health Research Symposium. She... More >
Eric J. Nestler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on depression
Q. My father-in-law was treated with radiation for prostate cancer 2 years ago. Since then he seems depressed. He does not believe in therapy. What can we do? Do you think the depression could be caused by something related to his cancer treatment?
A. Depression is often seen in the context of many medical illnesses, including cancer... More >
Kerry Ressler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on ptsd
Q. What do you see as the most promising development for PTSD on the horizon?
A. I think the new developments that are the nearest are likely those that prevent PTSD... More >
Kerry Ressler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on ptsd
Q. What happens if someone has “blocked out” the specifics of a trauma—or it happened so long ago that the details are fuzzy—but they have the behavioral symptoms of PTSD? Is it still possible to treat them?
A. Yes, they will still respond to pharmacotherapy. Right now, SSRIs remain the first... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. How long does PTSD last?
A. Length of time varies. According to our diagnostic manual, one must have symptoms... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. September 11th is a traumatic date – what do you recommend to manage the stress?
A. It is true that we seem to be bombarded with news related to disasters and social... More >
Eric R. Kandel, M.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on PTSD
Q. There is a lot of talk about how to improve memory, but what about erasing traumatic memories from the brains of people that have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)? Is this possible, and if so, do you recommend it?
A. I do not like the idea of erasing memories. I think we can provide someone with... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. What would 'recovery' of PTSD look like?
A. “To be resilient to things they were having trouble coping with … What treatment... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. Where will the breakthroughs come in treating PTSD?
A. “Uniting molecular genetics with brain imaging and psychopharmacology - these sorts... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. What are exciting new areas of research in PTSD?
A. “Understanding how the brain recovers from stress – the neurobiology of resilience... More >
Kerry Ressler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on ptsd
Q. Knowing that trauma can occur at any time to anyone, is there any way to prevent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
A. We don’t know with certainty, but the leading ideas are related to the idea of... More >
Fred R. Volkmar, M.D.
Q. Where will the breakthroughs come in treating Autism?
A. “As we understand more about basically closing the loops … from genes to brain and... More >

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