Ask an Expert

Andrew A. Nierenberg, M.D. - brain & behavior research expert on depression
Q. What options do patients with treatment-resistant depression have?
A. Andrew A. Nierenberg, M.D., of Harvard Medical School received the Colvin Prize for... More >
Robert C. Malenka, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on depression
Q. I thought the chemical imbalance theory of depression was a big step forward in treating depression as a bona fide illness. What are the implications of finding that it is out of date and how long until we have new, more effective treatments?
A. There is no doubt that depression is a bona fide illness. Theories are made to be... More >
Andrew A. Nierenberg, M.D. - brain & behavior research expert on bipolar disorder
Q. Are there alternative treatments that might help people with mood disorders?
A. Andrew A. Nierenberg, M.D., of Harvard Medical School received the Colvin Prize for... More >
Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on schizophrenia
Q. Can you envision ways in which the optogenetics technology that you invented might eventually improve the design or use of psychiatric medications?
A. The major challenge we face in psychiatry is understanding. Psychiatric disease... More >
Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D. - brain & behavior research expert on depression
Q. What are some recent advancements that have been made in depression research?
A. Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D., of Stanford University received the Goldman-Rakic... More >
Dr. Katherine L. Wisner, M.D., expert on post-partum depression
Q. What is the difference between ‘baby blues’ and Postpartum Depression?
A. “Distinction between a very brief, tearful, maybe anxious, uncomfortable 4 or 5 days... More >
Eric J. Nestler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior expert on anxiety
Q. Based off your mouse studies, do you think that the majority of men who are prone to stress and anxiety are fated to have children with the same issues?
A. No. An individual’s risk for a syndrome as complex and variable as depression or... More >
Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on schizophrenia
Q. Can individuals volunteer to be part of the BRAIN Initiative? I’d be interested in having my brain scanned and mapped.
A. Though the programs that will be funded by the BRAIN initiative have not yet been... More >
Rachel G. Klein, Ph.D., Scientific Council Member, 1995 NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grantee, 2004 Ruane Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Research, Professsor of Psychiatry, New York University Child Study Center, Expert on Childhood mental illnesses including ADHD and anxiety
Q. In your time on the Scientific Council, what is the most promising area of brain and behavior research you’ve seen?
A. Two areas appear most promising. One is that great progress has been made in... More >
Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on schizophrenia
Q. Have any of the labs that are using your invention CLARITY to more precisely observe the brain after death found things that were particularly surprising in your view?
A. Though CLARITY technology is so new that these kinds of studies have not yet been... More >
Q. What type of blood pressure medication interferes with Antidepressant LImbitrol?
A. More >
Bruce S. McEwen, Ph.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on depression
Q. My sister lives with depression and seems to be having increasing issues with her memory as well. You say that stress and depression can “shrink” the brain. Can antidepressants and/or other treatments reverse that?
A. Chronic depression is associated with shrinkage of brain areas that are involved in... More >
Katherine L. Wisner, M.D.
Q. How is depression specific to or different in women?
A. “It’s the same rate of occurrence in boys and girls until puberty, when in puberty... More >
Eric J. Nestler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on depression
Q. What do you see on the horizon in the next few years as a breakthrough treatment for depression?
A. Several rapidly acting antidepressants are currently in clinical trial, such as... More >
Katherine L. Wisner, M.D.
Q. How important is it to treat depression during pregnancy?
A. “A woman who is depressed in pregnancy is certainly very likely to continue to be... More >
Eric R. Kandel, M.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on PTSD
Q. There is a lot of talk about how to improve memory, but what about erasing traumatic memories from the brains of people that have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)? Is this possible, and if so, do you recommend it?
A. I do not like the idea of erasing memories. I think we can provide someone with... More >
Kerry Ressler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on ptsd
Q. What do you see as the most promising development for PTSD on the horizon?
A. I think the new developments that are the nearest are likely those that prevent PTSD... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. Where will the breakthroughs come in treating PTSD?
A. “Uniting molecular genetics with brain imaging and psychopharmacology - these sorts... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. What would 'recovery' of PTSD look like?
A. “To be resilient to things they were having trouble coping with … What treatment... More >
Kerry Ressler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on ptsd
Q. What happens if someone has “blocked out” the specifics of a trauma—or it happened so long ago that the details are fuzzy—but they have the behavioral symptoms of PTSD? Is it still possible to treat them?
A. Yes, they will still respond to pharmacotherapy. Right now, SSRIs remain the first... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. How long does PTSD last?
A. Length of time varies. According to our diagnostic manual, one must have symptoms... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. What are exciting new areas of research in PTSD?
A. “Understanding how the brain recovers from stress – the neurobiology of resilience... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. September 11th is a traumatic date – what do you recommend to manage the stress?
A. It is true that we seem to be bombarded with news related to disasters and social... More >
Kerry Ressler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on ptsd
Q. Knowing that trauma can occur at any time to anyone, is there any way to prevent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
A. We don’t know with certainty, but the leading ideas are related to the idea of... More >
Schahram Akbarian, M.D., Ph.D. Scientific Council Member 1993, 2000 NARSAD Young Investigator Grantee 1997 Klerman Prizewinner Professor of Psychiatry and Neuroscience Chief of the Division of Psychiatric Epigenomics Mount Sinai School of Medicine, expert on autism
Q. With regard to your research finding of an epigenetic signature of autism, can you tell me what this means for early diagnosis and treatment?
A. Presently, our findings have no implications yet for early diagnosis and treatment.... More >

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