Started by a small group of family and friends of the mentally ill determined to increase the pace of research to find the causes, better treatments and cures for mental illnesses, the Brain & Behavior Research Foundation was originally incorporated in 1981 as the American Schizophrenia Foundation. It was developed and agreed to by three leading national mental health organizations: National Alliance for the Mentally Ill, National Mental Health Association and National Depressive and Manic Depressive Association. In 1985, the organization became the National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression (NARSAD). In 2011, the organization rebranded itself, becoming the Brain & Behavior Research Foundation, awarding NARSAD Grants to fund research in every major area of brain and behavior research for all mental illness. Since awarding the first NARSAD Grant in 1987, the Foundation has distributed over $320 million in research grants to over 3,700 scientists in the United States and around the world.