General Mental Illness

1-in-4 of Us Live With a Mental Illness

ADHD | Anxiety | Autism | Bipolar Disorder | Depression | OCD | PTSD | Schizophrenia |Other Illnesses
 

1 In 4 Americans live with mental illnessBrain and behavior disorders are common in the United States and internationally. An estimated 26.2 percent of Americans ages 18 and older – about 1 in 4 adults – suffer from one or more of these disorders in a given year. Brain and behavior disorders are common among children in the United States and are increasingly being recognized and diagnosed at an early age. Just over 20 percent (or 1 in 5) children live with a debilitating mental illness.

Out of the 10 leading causes of disability identified and tracked in the United States and other developed countries; four are brain and behavior disorders: major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

It is estimated that:
- 18% of American adults will suffer from an anxiety disorder each year
- 10% of Americans adults will suffer from depression each year
- 4% of American adults will suffer from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) each year
- 4% of American adults will suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder each year
- 3% of American adults will suffer from bipolar disorder each year
- 1% of American adults will suffer from schizophrenia each year
- 1% of American adults will suffer from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) each year
 - 1 in every 88 8-year-old children are diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder

(*Source: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the Center for Disease Control)

Optogenetics was developed by Scientific Council Member Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D., with the support of a NARSAD Young Investigator Grant in 2005. The new technology uses light to make neurons fire one at a time, giving researchers extraordinary control over specific brain circuits in living animals. Now in use at over 1,000 laboratories, the new method is enabling identification of the mechanisms that give rise to depression, anxiety, PTSD and other brain and behavior disorders.
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