Ask an Expert

John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. September 11th is a traumatic date – what do you recommend to manage the stress?
A. It is true that we seem to be bombarded with news related to disasters and social... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. How long does PTSD last?
A. Length of time varies. According to our diagnostic manual, one must have symptoms... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. Where will the breakthroughs come in treating PTSD?
A. “Uniting molecular genetics with brain imaging and psychopharmacology - these sorts... More >
Eric R. Kandel, M.D. - Brain and behavior research expert on PTSD
Q. There is a lot of talk about how to improve memory, but what about erasing traumatic memories from the brains of people that have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)? Is this possible, and if so, do you recommend it?
A. I do not like the idea of erasing memories. I think we can provide someone with... More >
Judith L. Rapoport, M.D., expert on schizophrenia
Q. Do you recommend finding out if your children carry the risk genes that can predispose to different mental illnesses? Is it better to know―and if so, what does one do with that information?
A. There are genes in general which so far have not been helpful to measure in most... More >
Fred R. Volkmar, M.D.
Q. What are the general symptoms of autism?
A. “Social troubles … for example in a conversation like we’re having now, a person... More >
Fred R. Volkmar, M.D.
Q. What would ‘recovery’ from Autism be like?
A. “They’re headed to a path of being independent and self sufficient as adults,... More >
Schahram Akbarian, M.D., Ph.D. Scientific Council Member 1993, 2000 NARSAD Young Investigator Grantee 1997 Klerman Prizewinner Professor of Psychiatry and Neuroscience Chief of the Division of Psychiatric Epigenomics Mount Sinai School of Medicine, expert on autism
Q. With regard to your research finding of an epigenetic signature of autism, can you tell me what this means for early diagnosis and treatment?
A. Presently, our findings have no implications yet for early diagnosis and treatment.... More >
Fred R. Volkmar, M.D.
Q. What is Asperger’s Syndrome?
A. “Children, mostly boys, who had horrible social vulnerabilities, but good verbal... More >
Fred R. Volkmar, M.D.
Q. Where will the breakthroughs come in treating Autism?
A. “As we understand more about basically closing the loops … from genes to brain and... More >
Fred R. Volkmar, M.D.
Q. What are exciting new areas of research in Autism?
A. “We’re interested in developing new ways to study social development in Autism, new... More >
Robert C. Malenka, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior research expert on anxiety
Q. Are there ways to alleviate stress before the damage is done to the melanocortin circuit you speak about?
A. There are many, many ways to alleviate stress but the particular approaches an... More >
John H. Krystal, M.D.
Q. How can a doctor or counselor help me feel less afraid or tense?
A. Many people are troubled by thoughts and feelings that they do not feel comfortable... More >
Rachel G. Klein, Ph.D., Scientific Council Member, 1995 NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grantee, 2004 Ruane Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Research, Professsor of Psychiatry, New York University Child Study Center, Expert on Childhood mental illnesses including ADHD and anxiety
Q. In your time on the Scientific Council, what is the most promising area of brain and behavior research you’ve seen?
A. Two areas appear most promising. One is that great progress has been made in... More >
Eric J. Nestler, M.D., Ph.D. - Brain & behavior expert on anxiety
Q. Based off your mouse studies, do you think that the majority of men who are prone to stress and anxiety are fated to have children with the same issues?
A. No. An individual’s risk for a syndrome as complex and variable as depression or... More >
Rachel G. Klein, Ph.D., Scientific Council Member, 1995 NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grantee, 2004 Ruane Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Research, Professsor of Psychiatry, New York University Child Study Center, Expert on Childhood mental illnesses including ADHD and anxiety
Q. My 10-year-old daughter is showing signs of anxiety. Can this become a full-blown anxiety disorder?
A. If the anxiety is within what is generally expected when a child is under stress,... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. Are there other mental illnesses associated with OCD?
A. “ ...for women, depression … as many as 60% of people with OCD will have concomitant... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. Is OCD heritable?
A. “… it seems that early onset OCD, meaning people who have an onset of OCD at an... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. What Causes OCD?
A. “The simple answer is that we don’t know what causes OCD … We have a lot of clues …... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. Is OCD Preventable?
A. “My urge … go get help when the symptoms are just starting ... get treatment early... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. What is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?
A. “A mental illness characterized by two prominent symptoms: obsessions and... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. What are the best treatments for OCD?
A. “There are two powerful treatments for OCD – one is medication and the other is... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. Is there a relationship between OCD and addiction?
A. “This is an area of hot research … There’s a new model of addictions which says it... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. Is OCD an Anxiety Disorder?
A. “OCD right now sits in the Anxiety Disorders [in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual... More >
H. Blair Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.
Q. What are some of the common myths about OCD?
A. “… One is that OCD is not a severe disorder … in fact, OCD is a very severe disorder... More >

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